Last edited by Makazahn
Monday, July 27, 2020 | History

2 edition of silica bodies of tropical American grasses found in the catalog.

silica bodies of tropical American grasses

Dolores R. Piperno

silica bodies of tropical American grasses

morphology, taxonomy, and implications for grass systematics and fossil phytolith identification

by Dolores R. Piperno

  • 108 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by Smithsonian Institution Press in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Latin America.
    • Subjects:
    • Grasses -- Cytotaxonomy -- Latin America.,
    • Grasses, Fossil -- Identification.,
    • Silica bodies (Plants) -- Latin America.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. 8-9).

      StatementDolores R. Piperno and Deborah M. Pearsall.
      SeriesSmithsonian contributions to botany ;, no. 85
      ContributionsPearsall, Deborah M.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQK1 .S2747 no. 85, QK495.G74 .S2747 no. 85
      The Physical Object
      Paginationiii, 40 p. :
      Number of Pages40
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL676464M
      LC Control Number97022711

      Poaceae (/ p oʊ ˈ eɪ s i aɪ /) or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. The latter are commonly referred to collectively as grass.. With around genera and aro species, the Poaceae is the. Tropical grasses -- whether they come from the semiarid savannas of Africa, Asia, Australia or India, or wetlands and forests -- also grow in the right climates in the U.S. Types include low-growing sod grasses, clumping grasses and large reed-type grasses. The largest tropical grasses are bamboos, which can reach 60 to feet tall.

        Silica in the form of bodies or particles deposited within or on cells, as distinct from silica incorporated in cell walls or completely filling hairs and other cells, occurs in certain groups throughout the plant kingdom, including Selaginella (Bienfait et al., ; Le Coq et al., ), Equisetum (Laroche, ; Kaufman et al., ), some ferns (Rolleri et al., ) and to a small extent. Tall Tropical-Looking Grass Species. Tall ornamental grasses in the landscape offer a contrast in texture and shape that few other plants afford. Big grasses give a temperate garden a tropical.

        1. Introduction [2] Silicon is the most abundant element in the earth's crust after oxygen, plays a key role in earth surface processes, and is an important nutrient and structural component of marine and terrestrial organisms. The fate and mobility of silica in terrestrial systems impacts soil development [Kelly et al., ] and buffering capacity [Drever, ], as well as the long‐term.   out of 5 stars The definitive book on grass identification. Reviewed in the United States on J Verified Purchase. Learning to identify the many species of grasses, sedges and rushes is extremely difficult. This book describes species using parts of the plant that are easy to identify. The relatively small number of species Reviews:


Share this book
You might also like
How to try hard in business without really succeeding

How to try hard in business without really succeeding

Winning America

Winning America

New Testament theology

New Testament theology

short account of the malignant fever, lately prevalent in Philadelphia

short account of the malignant fever, lately prevalent in Philadelphia

Mass communication, democracy, and civil society in Africa

Mass communication, democracy, and civil society in Africa

New Canadian Oxford atlas

New Canadian Oxford atlas

Medieval Latin and the rise of European love-lyric.

Medieval Latin and the rise of European love-lyric.

ADCORE AB

ADCORE AB

History of the great American fortunes. --

History of the great American fortunes. --

Life and thoughts of Professor Kenneth Onwuka Dike

Life and thoughts of Professor Kenneth Onwuka Dike

Three against the Third Republic

Three against the Third Republic

Thornton Romances

Thornton Romances

Claims reported by accounting officers of the Treasury.

Claims reported by accounting officers of the Treasury.

Buyer Beware

Buyer Beware

Silica bodies of tropical American grasses by Dolores R. Piperno Download PDF EPUB FB2

Silica bodies from over species of Neotropical grasses comprising 80 different genera from all currently recognized subfamilies have been isolated from plant tissue and have been described.

Silica-body shapes are significant at varying taxonomic levels, from the family to the genus. Grasses: Morphology, Taxonomy, and Implications for Grass Systematics and Fossil Phytolith Identification. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, num40 pages, 76 figures, 2 tables, Silica bodies from over species of Neotropical grasses comprising 80 different genera from all currently recognized subfamilies have been isolated from plant tissue and have been described.

Get this from a library. The silica bodies of tropical American grasses: morphology, taxonomy, and implications for grass systematics and fossil phytolith identification.

[Dolores R Piperno; Deborah M Pearsall] -- Silica bodies from over species of Neotropical grasses comprising 80 different genera from all currently recognized subfamilies have been isolated from plant tissue and have. PDF | On Jan 1,Dolores R Piperno and others published The Silica Bodies of Tropical American Grasses: Morphology, Taxonomy, and Implications for Grass Systematics and Fossil Phytolith.

The Silica Bodies of Tropical American Grasses: Morphology, Taxonomy, and Implications for Grass Systematics and Fossil Phytolith Identification. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, num40 pages, 76 figures, 2 tables, Silica bodies from over species of Neotropical grasses comprising 80 different.

The deposition of silicon into epidermal cells of grass species is thought to be an important mechanism that plants use as a defense against pests and environmental stresses. There are a number of techniques available to study the size, density and distribution pattern of silica bodies in grass leaves.

However, none of those techniques can provide a high-throughput analysis, especially. Silica bodies mostly range between 10 and 30 microns and are occasionally up to microns in insoluble silica in a plant's epidermal cell wall is an isotropic (amorphous) deposit with a refractive index ranging from to Carbon trapped inside long-lasting silica bodies might be a major component of the carbon cycle on ea 20 (although unfortunately DNA has not been.

17 Piperno, D.R. and Pearsall, D.M. () The Silica Bodies of Tropical American Grasses: Morphology, Taxonomy and Implications for Grass Systematics and Fossil Phytolith Identification.

Piperno and D. Pearsall, “The silica bodies of tropical American grasses: morphology, taxonomy, and implications for grass systematics and fossil phytolith identification,” Annals of the Smithsonian Institution, vol.

85, pp. 1–40, View at: Google Scholar. Grass silica-bodies exhibit three general geometric shapes; eight types are defined based on outline of the base. In addition, basic three-dimensional structures are defined. The classification presents standardized definitions of the “classic” grass phytolith shapes reported in the literature.

The silica bodies of tropical American grasses: morphology, taxonomy, and implications for grass systematics and fossil phytolith identification / By Dolores R. Piperno, Deborah M. Pearsall and Smithsonian Institution.

Press. Many plant systems accumulate silica in solid form, creating intracellular or extracellular silica bodies (phytoliths) that are essential for growth, mechanical strength, rigidity, predator and fungal defence, stiffness and cooling. Silica is an inorganic amorphous oxide formed by polymerization processes within plants.

There has been much research to gain new insights into its biochemistry. Results. We developed a method utilizing the autofluorescence of silica bodies to investigate their size and distribution, along with the number of carbon inclusions within the silica bodies of perennial grass species Koeleria scence images were analyzed by image software Adobe Photoshop CS5 or ImageJ that remarkably facilitated the quantification of silica bodies in the dry ash.

The importance of grasslands. The classification and distribution of grasses. The world's major tropical grasslands. Performance and management of natural pasture. The case for improved pastures to replace indigenous species. Pasture improvement by introducing new species.

Selection of pasture grass species, seed purchase and storage, and fertilizer needs. Silica is known to alleviate numerous sources of stress in plants including herbivory, pathogens, drought, and heavy metal toxicity. Members of the Poaceae family (grasses) accumulate high levels of silica, most of which is deposited in specialized cells called ores return these indigestible particles to the soil in their dung, contributing to a silicon cycle (summarized below).

The Silica Bodies of Tropical American Grasses: Morphology, Taxonomy, and Implications for Grass Systematics and Fossil Phytolith Identification. Focusing on the color, shape, and texture of the plants, and avoiding the technicalities presented by most botanical guides, this first and only popular book on the subject provides a lively account of the history, ecology, and uses of species of ulture.

line drawings. Other articles where Tropical grassland is discussed: grassland: Origin: classified into two broad categories: tropical grasslands, which generally lie between the belts of tropical forest and desert; and temperate grasslands, which generally lie between deserts and temperate forests.

Tropical grasslands occur in the same regions as savannas, and the distinction between these two vegetation.

Phytoliths are produced as a result of biological and physical processes by which certain living higher plants deposit solid silica in an intracellular or extracellular location after absorbing silica in a soluble state [monosilicic acid (Si(OH) 4)] from the groundwater.

After death and decay of the plant, these pieces of silica are deposited. Piperno DR, Pearsall DM () The silica bodies of tropical American grasses: morphology, taxonomy, and implications for grass systematics and fossil phytolith identification. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC.

Google Scholar. The silica bodies of tropical American grasses: morphology, taxonomy, and implications for the grass systematics and fossil phytolith identification. Smithson. Contrib. Bot. 85, 1– Williams S. H., Kay R. F.

A comparative test of adaptive explanations for hypsodonty in ungulates and rodents. J. Mammal.ized silica bodies in the epidermis of grasses, which provide protection against grazing. Concomitantly, there was an increase in mammalian fossils with high-crowned teeth (hypsodonty) adapted to grazing (StebbinsAxelrod ) and evolution of animals with more cursorial (running) and saltational (jumping) body forms.

The North American.Shop great deals on Tropical Ornamental Grasses. Get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce up your garden! Shop a huge online selection at Fast & Free shipping on many items!